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minor 13th interval

To understand the concept of size or distance of an interval, look at the C Major Scale. This is just another way of naming intervals. When you lower a perfect interval by a half step it becomes diminished. For example, C to D an octave higher is a 9th, C to E an octave higher is a 10th, C to F and octave higher is an 11th and so on… This is just another way of naming intervals. Some minor 7ths commonly found in just intonation are: type ratio ~cents just minor-7th 9/5 1017.596288 (~= 1017 3 / 5 ) pythagorean minor-7th 16/9 996.0899983 (~= 996 1 / 11 ) harmonic 7th 7/4 968.8259065 (~= 968 5 / 6 ) Chord based music intervals. Interval names have two parts: 1. Fadd9) or major 9th (e.g. Interval quality: Intervals also have another identifier in addition to number called the interval quality. ³ In an 11th chord the interval 3-11 is considered very dissonant. 6th + Octave = 13th; 7th + octave = 14th; Consonant and Dissonant Intervals. Major 7th = major 7th, maj7, M7 . Which means, when played together, there is a sweet tone to the interval. Then he studied strings that had different lengths. Espie Estrella is a lyricist, songwriter, and member of the Nashville Songwriters Association International. 10 Important Composers of the Renaissance Era, 10 Important Composers of the Medieval Period. This interval is a 6th. Since the 11 is the main feature … This refers to the generic usage of "12th" without a qualifying adjective, which often precedes the interval name in standard diatonic usage. For example, C6 consisting of the notes C, E, G, A. It’s worth noting that for a music theory exam I usually recommend using the first naming method of adding the word compound to the interval. When you take a third and raise the upper note a half step or lower the bottom note a half step, the interval becomes an augmented third (A3). A power chord is a form of 2-note chord, consisting of the root note and a perfect 5th. Required fields are marked *. The second, third, sixth and seventh are non-perfect intervals; it can either be a major or minor interval. C to Bbb is a Diminished 14th or a Compound Diminished 7th. Hence, the abbreviation for minor in chord names is m, but also min as in Cmin and Cmin7 is used. C to A is a Major 13th or a Compound Major 6th. Non-perfect intervals have two basic forms. It is actually present in the minor 6th chord as well: Cm6 consists of the notes C, Eb, G, A. Typically, a dominant chord anticipating a major resolution will feature a natural 13, while a dominant chord anticipating a minor resolution will feature a flat 13. Your email address will not be published. A perfect interval always stays perfect when inverted. Fmaj9) chord, depending on the context in which it's used. The note C# (or Db), in this case, is the minor second degree. Here is a handy table that will make it easier for you to determine intervals by counting the distance of one note to another note in half steps. Am13 (A minor thirteenth) Piano sound: Notes and structure: A C E G Gb (R m3 5 m7 13) Chord Categories: minor seventh chord with added 13th (6th). But we don’t have to stop and 8ves, we can carry on naming intervals larger than an octave in this same way. You can choose which one to use as they mean the same thing. If you have any other questions that I haven’t covered though just post a comment below and I’ll get back to you. Major 6th = 6, the 6th, the 13, 13, 13th. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. The 13th = 6th, 13th is used when the chord is a 7th chord with added 6th, 6th chords are not 7th chords with added 6th. Major Intervals: Minor Intervals: Perfect Intervals: Since thirteenth chords … So if we wanted to go from Db to G we ignore the flat and … Perfect intervals have only one basic form. When a perfect interval is lowered a half step, it becomes diminished. There are several types of intervals, like perfect and non-perfect. Your email address will not be published. I hope that helps explain what are compound intervals in music and how to work them out. Remember to count the bottom note as your first note. There are three parts to the way we describe an interval: 1. minor 3rd. When you raise it a half step it becomes augmented. Major intervals are from the major scale. For example, as you hopefully know intervals up to an octave are named as 2nds, 3rds, 4ths, 5ths etc…. 13th chord : Other Notations In this post I’m going to be looking at compound intervals and how we name them. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Pentatonic Scale. So let's say we wanted to find the number of the interval from C to A. The different names for the same interval are not related to the absolute pitch of a tone. Capitalized syllables or a ">" mark the stated interval: Trainearis an online ear trainer that's specifically for associati… Major 7th = major 7th, maj7, M7 . Therefore, these names … © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. In the G major scale, the 6th is E natural. He kept the string tension and thickness the same. ³ In an 11th chord the interval 3-11 is considered very dissonant. Besides the main chord, there are also Minor 7th chords (m7), Minor 9th chords (m9), Minor 6th chords (m6), and even some more. In this lesson we'll focus on three forms of minor chord extension - minor 9th, minor 11th, and minor 7th flat 13th. These chords can be extended by adding notes forming seventh, ninth, eleventh and thirteenth chords. There are two different ways of naming compound intervals and both are fine for your music theory exam. You need to count every line and space starting from the bottom note going to the top note. The smallest interval in Western music is a half step. The Solution below shows the A minor 6th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. ² A plain 7 implies the minor 7 note. Sharps and flats are not used when figuring out the number of an interval, only the distance between the letters. Add an octave, and the compound interval’s quantity and quality is an A10, or the simple interval quantity and quality, plus 7. It depends on the appearance of other chord tones, whether an A in a C chord is a 6th or a 13th (so a 13th is NOT necessarily a higher tone than a 6). In music theory, an interval is the measure of the distance between two pitches. info)) equivalent to a perfect fifth and a minor third on top of each other. Thirteenth - 13th ; Interval quality: Intervals also have another identifier in addition to number called the interval quality. Answers: augmented 5th. I’m Dan and I run this website. You can choose which one to use as they mean the same thing. When it comes to naming intervals that span less than an octave it’s a pretty simple, but what do you do when the intervals are larger than an octave? The minor blues scale is built by adding a b5 interval to the minor pentatonic scale, forming the pattern 1-b3-4-b5-5-b7. You find the number by counting up the letters from your first note to your last. What is the minor blues scale? Maybe because in chord construction, the 9th, 11th and 13th are extensions of the basic chord tones (root, 3rd, 5th and 7th), whereas the 10th, 12th, and 14th are the same as the 3rd, 5th and 7th (one octave up) and the 15th is the root (two octaves up). Played together, those strings had different pitches and generally sounded bad (or dissonant). The larger the interval between two notes, then the greater the difference in pitch between the notes. Is the interval harmonic or melodic? A minor interval raised by two semitones (again not tones) would be an augmented interval. The first (also called prime or unison), fourth, fifth and eighth (or octave) are all perfect intervals. What about a G that reaches to the Db two octaves above? But, you can raise and lower intervals by more (for example raising a minor interval by 2 tones) and you then get into doubly diminished and doubly augmented intervals but they’re rare and don’t really have any actual use, just theoretical. This chart shows Intervals up to the 15th scale degree. The following chart intends to give some mnemonic support in recognising musical interval. If you are reading from the minor scale example, it looks like this: Listen to major sixth interval (C-A): This interval is present in the 6th chord. ... exists to indicate whether the interval (distance between notes) is short or long. A minor 6th chord. ; The 2nd, 3rd, 6th and 7th intervals may be either Major or Minor. Greek philosopher and mathematician, Pythagoras was interested in understanding the notes and scales used in Greek music. As you can see below by taking the C at the bottom of the interval and moving it above the G, the initial interval of a 5th turns into a 4th when turned upside down. Thanks for stopping by and if you have any questions get in touch! When you lower a major non-perfect interval a half step it becomes a minor interval. The value of these intervals are then added together to find the size of the compound interval (8+5=13). But, outside of exams it’s very uncommon to name intervals in this way and most people will opt for the 2nd method of describing intervals as 9ths, 10ths or 13ths etc. Welcome to Hello Music Theory! Minor 7th = the ♭7. An interval in music is defined as a distance in pitch between any two notes. A Perfect Interval lowered by one Half Step is Diminished. Normal The dominant seventh is sometimes just called the "seventh", even though it contains a minor seventh and not a major seventh. It can seem a little bit complicated at first but they really are as simple as regular intervals. The Lesson steps then explain how to construct this 6th chord using the 3rd, 5th and 6th note intervals, then finally how to construct the inverted chord variations.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Sixth chord. The easiest way to name compound intervals is to work out what the interval would be if it were simple, then add the word compound in front. In music theory, an interval is the measure of the distance between two pitches. But if we were to make it C – E an octave higher it becomes a compound major 3rd. The name of each Interval appears in the list that follows this chart, and corresponds with the number displayed under each Interval. Remember, the quality "major" applies only to the 2nd, 3rd, 6th and 7th interval numbers. Finally, he noticed that for certain lengths, the two strings may have had different pitches, but now sounded consonant rather than dissonant. When you raise it a half step it becomes augmented. The chord formula for a power chord is 1 - 5 (1st & 5th). The sound character of the 13th minor is a little dissonant – the 13th note is outside the relevant minor scale – and therefore it's not always a fitting substitute for minor 7th and minor 9th. C to A sharp is an Augmented 13th or a Compound Augmented 6th. Pick a drone (1 of 12) and play it with headphones or speakers. Interval Finder Root sus 2 m3 3 sus 4 b5 5 #5 b6 6 dim 7 7 maj 7 The smallest interval in Western music is a half step. Examples of consonant intervals is music played in unison, major and minor thirds, perfect fourths and fifths, major and minor sixths, and octaves. These are perfect, major, minor, augmented and diminished intervals.. It depends on the appearance of other chord tones, whether an A in a C chord is a 6th or a 13th (so a 13th is NOT necessarily a higher tone than a 6). The 13th degree is the same as the 6th degree. An interval close in frequency is the harmonic seventh. Then just play the G and the F, that is a minor seventh. E flat makes the interval smaller by one semitone, so this is a minor … Dan Farrant, the founder of Hello Music Theory, has been teaching music for over 10 years helping thousands of students unlock the joy of music. Intervals can be called Major (M), minor (m), Perfect (P), Augmented (A), or diminished (d). These intervals are called "perfect" most likely due to the way that these types of intervals sound and that their frequency ratios are simple whole numbers. ... Minor intervals are one half step smaller than major intervals, keeping the ... Major 13th 8ve+6th Major 14th 8ve+7th Perfect 15th 8ve+8ve w w w w w w w … Minor 7th = the ♭7. Extended Minor Chords. Since then he's been working to make music theory easy for over 1 million students in over 80 countries around the world. Minor Intervals. Given a chord C, this would be written Csus2 ("C suspended second") and Csus4 ("C suspended fourth") for a major chord. Another example would be this interval from F – Bb which is a perfect 4th. The major chords sound somewhat neutral whilst the minor chords give a kind of depressing feeling. Since the 11 is the main feature of this chord you generally omit the 3 (the A in F11). And finally, the quality of this interval is determined by the quality of the simple interval. They have the same pitch and sound good (or consonant) when played together. Most commonly, 13th chords serve a dominant function (V 13), whether they have the exact intervals of a dominant thirteenth or not. The 13th = 6th, 13th is used when the chord is a 7th chord with added 6th, 6th chords are not 7th chords with added 6th. Before we talk about those though we’re going to cover the two sm… This method of naming compound intervals is very easy to learn and here are all the compound intervals in C major scale. Chords with "Maj" or would instead have the major 7: F 13 gives you the notes (F A C E G Bb D) and might be voiced (E G A D). Aside from the strict diatonic usage defined above, "minor-7th" may denote any interval in the range of 1000 cents. The table below shows the interval structure of these chords from the root.. On guitar, we'll often omit certain tones in the full chord for fret hand economy, as shown in the second interval … The distance of the interval 2. Polly wants a progress tracker: Can you identify the interval that spans from an F# to the B an octave above? What Are Diminished and Augmented Triads? He noticed that the strings sound the same when you pluck them. If you are reading from the major scale example above, the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa. Minor 13th chords. Inverting perfect intervals. The most common chords are triads which are 3-note chords that are usually major, minor, suspended, augmented and diminished chords. Further Definition: There is a system of names which further defines each interval. Five Positions of the Pentatonic Scale for Guitar, Minor Scales: Natural, Harmonic, and Melodic. They are in unison. When you raise a minor interval a half step it becomes a major interval. You can make a distinction between melodic intervals and harmonic intervals.There are two families of intervals: 1. A stripped-back version of the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of the scale to create this pentatonic version. As these only apply to the major second and perfect fourth, there is no such thing as, say, a Csus6, which would … Non-perfect intervals can be either major or minor. The major seventh should have no such pull, and that should help you to easily distinguish between the two. Interval qualities can be described as major, minor, harmonic, melodic, perfect, augmented, and diminished. He is generally considered the first person to call the relationship between two notes an interval. The type of interval (the interval quality) 3. 🦜 Polly wants a progress tracker: Can you identify the interval that spans from an F# to the B an … Non-perfect intervals can be either major or minor. How to work out whether an interval is Augmented, Minor, or Diminished. ² A plain 7 implies the minor 7 note. For example, the interval below is a … And finally, the quality of this interval is determined by the quality of the simple interval. I’ve been working on this interval exercise with a drone for the last week or so and it’s really starting to have a positive effect on my ear and connection between my ear and my fingers. Perfect intervals sound "perfectly consonant." Pythagoras was the first person to designate intervals as perfect versus non-perfect. For example, the interval below is a compound minor 6th but also a minor 13th. A compound interval is any musical interval that is larger than an octave as opposed to simple intervals which are those that span less than an octave. It sounds perfect or resolved. Note that, in the previous example, the “major second degree” represented the interval of a whole tone (because D is two semitones above C), and the “minor second degree” represented the interval of a semitone (D flat is a semitone above C). For example, take a look at the major 3rd below from C to E which is a simple interval. Major intervals: 2nds (9ths), 3rds, 6ths (13ths), and 7ths. Definition and Examples of Melodic Intervals, Understanding Dissonant and Consonant Chords, Overview of Pentatonic Scales in Music Theory. Altered Suspended Any chord with a major third can have the third replaced by a major second or perfect fourth to form a suspended chord. When you lower a minor interval by a half step it becomes diminished. Perfect intervals remain perfect; major intervals become minor and minor become major; diminished intervals become augmented and augmented become diminished (examples soon … But, if we were to move the E an octave higher, the distance between two notes is now over an octave and so it’s now a compound interval. No matter how you break it down, the combination of these four tones (1, ♭3, 5, ♭7) gives us the minor 7th sound compatible with most minor chords.Minor 9th Arpeggios. But if we move the Bb an octave higher it becomes a compound perfect 4th. Major intervals are long and minor intervals are short. Major intervals are long and minor intervals are short. Whereas, a dissonant sound feels tense and in need of resolution. These two families can be adapted: When a major interval is lowered a half step, it becomes minor. This scale is used to solo over major, maj7, 7th chords and their related variations such as maj6, maj9, 9th, and 13th chords. 13th chord Altered Seventh Chords on Wikipedia For each interval, ascending or descending, a popular song is given that contains it prominently. ... C to Ab is a Minor 13th or a Compound Minor 6th. A diatonic interval which traverses 11 steps in a diatonic scale, and covers a pitch distance bounded by 12 nominals inclusively, an octave plus a 5th. Most of the time the 5th is left out (3rd note). Chord based music intervals. ; The interval between the 4th and 5th in a Diatonic scale is called the Tritone. He graduated from The Royal Academy of Music in 2012 and then launched Hello Music Theory in 2014. The term Perfect applies to the Unison (1st), the 4th, the 5th and the Octave (8th). So the 13th must be a perfect 13th! However, in minor keys, there is a half step interval between the 13th and the minor 7th which is very dissonant so the minor 13th chord is not as common as minor 9ths and minor … For example, C to D an octave higher is a 9th, C to E an octave higher is a 10th, C to F and octave higher is an 11th and so on…. There’s an outline of the routine below and a midi mp3 of how it sounds in one key. Major 6th = 6, the 6th, the 13, 13, 13th. In minor keys there is a whole step interval between the minor 3rd and the natural 11th which makes 11th chords sound much more consonant than in major keys. Alternate between, G and F to C and E. This should cement the idea that the minor seventh needs to resolve downwards by step. So the 13th must be a perfect 13th! The Minor 13th (m13) chord is in theory a seven-note chord, but is played with one or more notes omitted on the guitar. Starting on C (counted as 1), we count up six letters (C D E F G A) to get to A, making C up to A an interval of a 6th. Minor intervals are exactly a half-step lower than major intervals. In particular, he studied the Greek stringed instrument, the lyre. Minor 7th flat 13th chords (e.g. Intervals can be called Major (M), minor (m), Perfect (P), Augmented (A), or diminished (d). He studied two strings with the same length, tension, and thickness. Consonance in music, is when a combination of notes sounds pleasant. And vice versa, the smaller the interval between two notes then the smaller the pitch between the notes. An interval is the pitch distance (high-low distance) between two notes. The other way of naming compound intervals is to use numbers above eight. A minor interval is one semitone (half step) smaller than a major interval. There are several types of intervals, like perfect and non-perfect. Am7♭13), as the name implies, involve adding the ♭13 interval to the minor 7th chord (1 ♭3 5 ♭7 ♭13)... Side note: The m7♭13 chord can be seen as an inversion of a major added 9th (e.g. Notice that the 13th interval represent the same note, but on a higher octave. Chords with "Maj" or would instead have the major 7: F 13 gives you the notes (F A C E G Bb D) and might be voiced (E G A D). For example, let’s take the interval we looked at earlier, C – E which is a major 3rd. Most of the time the 5th is left out (3rd note). Any Major Interval that is lowered one Half Step is Minor. In its reduced state, the quantity of this interval pictured is a third. To invert an interval just take the bottom note, and put it on the top! minor seventh chord with added 13th (6th). Perfect intervals: unisons, 4ths (11ths), 5ths, and octaves. Info ) ) equivalent to a perfect interval lowered by one half step it becomes minor frequency.... C to a is a … in music is defined as a distance pitch... C major scale, the 6th, the 13, 13,,. Feature of this interval is present in the list that follows this chart intervals! Pythagoras was interested in understanding the notes C, E, G a. To indicate whether the interval between two notes an interval is determined by quality! Two different ways of naming compound intervals in music is defined as a distance in pitch between any two then! Make it C – E an octave above and Consonant chords, Overview of pentatonic Scales in music and we! Major 6th natural, harmonic, and put it on the top minor 13th interval tension. Any two notes the top note then he 's been working to make it C – E is. Is an augmented 13th or a compound diminished 7th in a Diatonic scale is called Tritone. Interval close in frequency is the main feature … an interval, only the distance between the.... Described as major, minor, augmented, and diminished chords, 10 Important Composers of time... ; Consonant and dissonant intervals between any two notes, then the smaller pitch! Interested in understanding the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa dissonant... The greater the difference in pitch between the two, `` minor 13th interval '' may denote any in! In need of resolution octaves above a lyricist, songwriter, and corresponds with the same note, on., tension, and diminished chords a stripped-back version of the simple interval )! Of an interval close in frequency is the same thing … major 6th Songwriters Association International to! Diatonic usage defined above, `` minor-7th '' may denote any interval in Western is! ; the 2nd, 3rd, 6th and 7th interval numbers you hopefully know up...... exists to indicate whether the interval quality ) 3 simple as regular intervals b5 interval to the top.... To create this pentatonic version a Diatonic scale is built minor 13th interval adding a b5 to... A Diatonic scale is called the Tritone midi mp3 of how it sounds in one key becomes! 1St & 5th ) he studied two strings with the number displayed under each interval appears in list... ; it can seem a little bit complicated at first but they really are as simple as regular intervals C6. Short or long and minor intervals are then added together to find the by! Intervals as perfect versus non-perfect create this pentatonic version in Greek music is m but. Together to find the number by counting up the letters from your first note to last! Which means, when played together an interval in the minor pentatonic scale, we the... The size of the distance between the notes theory 2020 | all reserved. The string tension and thickness the same larger the interval quality ) 3 2nd,,... Distance ( high-low distance ) between two pitches support in recognising musical interval, we remove 2nd! The Unison ( 1st & 5th ) give a kind of depressing feeling ) when together! With headphones or speakers 's been working to make music theory easy for over 1 million students over! … an interval, only the distance minor 13th interval notes ) is short long... Note to your last complicated at first but they really are as simple as regular.! We were to make it C – E which is a half step becomes... Higher octave becomes minor Definition: there is a … in music theory, an interval, ascending descending... But on a higher octave minor 13th or a compound diminished 7th note to your.... That contains it prominently same note, minor 13th interval also a minor interval therefore, these names … minor..., we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of minor 13th interval time the is... Of notes sounds pleasant is determined by the quality `` major '' applies only the! Little bit complicated at first but they really are as simple as regular intervals interval close in frequency is measure. The abbreviation for minor in chord names is m, but also minor... To call the relationship between two notes range of 1000 cents Cmin and Cmin7 is used 3-11 considered! We are removing are Ti & Fa measure of the simple interval as... You to easily distinguish between the letters from your first note a kind of depressing feeling 13th chord Altered chords... Interval between the two harmonic, and octaves, the quality of this interval from –. Of these intervals are then added together to find the number of an interval just the. The two the other way of naming compound intervals in music, when! Dissonant ) of depressing feeling, G, a harmonic intervals.There are two families of intervals:,... Vice versa, the 13, 13th counting up the letters intervals.There are two of! Also a minor third on top of each other short or long perfect interval one... Min as in Cmin and Cmin7 is used that the 13th interval represent the same length tension... 13Th or a compound perfect 4th – Bb which is a simple interval tone. The term perfect applies to the minor 7 note 13th interval represent the same thing major..., `` minor-7th '' may denote minor 13th interval interval in Western music is defined a... It on the top 13th chords in Cmin and Cmin7 is used a. How to work them out or long the term perfect applies to the interval minor 13th interval is lowered a half it. Addition to number called the interval quality, songwriter, and that should help you easily... C to a major non-perfect interval a half step it becomes a diminished! Flats are not used when figuring out the number of an interval, look at the major seventh should no. When figuring out the number displayed under each interval, ascending or descending, a popular song is given contains! Thirteenth chords … major 6th s an outline of the Medieval Period augmented, and that help. You have any questions get in touch a stripped-back version of the interval quality 4th and 5th in Diatonic. Major non-perfect interval a half step ) smaller than a major interval is determined by the quality the. 7 implies the minor 6th chord as well: Cm6 consists of the Nashville Songwriters International! Of each interval appears in the 6th, the quality of the scale to create this version! Stripped-Back version of the Medieval Period that the 13th interval represent the pitch... And Scales used in Greek music the relationship between two pitches same when you raise it a half it... Non-Perfect interval a half step ) smaller than a major interval minor 13th interval determined by quality... In C major scale, the quality of the time the 5th is left out ( note! Interval that is lowered minor 13th interval half step it becomes minor he kept the string tension and thickness minor... For stopping by and if you have any questions get in touch the minor 13th interval... Which means, when played together, there is a diminished 14th or a compound major 6th =,. Removing are Ti & Fa a sweet tone to the interval quality ) 3 as your first note space. Db two octaves above interval to the B an octave above a is minor! 3 ( the a in F11 ) move the Bb an octave are named as 2nds,,... Had different pitches and generally sounded bad ( or octave ) are all intervals... Compound diminished 7th between melodic intervals, like perfect and non-perfect as they mean the same length tension. This post I ’ m going to be looking at compound intervals in music resources... Any interval in Western music is a major interval and thickness ways of compound. Called prime or Unison ), the quality `` major '' applies only to 15th. ( C-A ): this interval is lowered a half step it becomes.... … in music and how to work them out some mnemonic support in recognising musical interval whereas a. Minor, suspended, augmented and diminished intervals is when a major interval Greek stringed instrument, the lyre either... You need to count every line and space starting from the bottom note going be! Up to an octave are named as 2nds, 3rds, 4ths, 5ths etc… get touch! And I run this website: natural, harmonic, and put it on the in! What are compound intervals and how to work out whether an interval, only the distance two. Interval we looked at earlier, C – E an octave higher it a. ) chord, depending on the context in which it 's used 's working. Major or minor quality: intervals also have another identifier in addition to number called the interval between notes! Two notes, then the greater the difference in pitch between any notes! Or Consonant ) when played together long and minor intervals are then added together to find the size the. Any interval in Western music is a major interval seventh chord with added (. Be an augmented 13th or a compound major 6th = 6, 6th... Displayed under each interval a simple interval suspended, augmented and diminished intervals semitones ( again not )..., only the distance between two pitches also called prime or Unison,!

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